Macrocystic anemia is an abnormally high count of red blood cells in the blood and a corresponding low count of white blood cells, also known as thrombocytopenia.
In most cases, macrocystic anemias occur due to a deficiency of folate and vitamin B-12. This condition, which is caused by an imbalanced production of red and white blood cells, may develop into chronic or acute.
Microcytosis, also called macrocytosis, is an imbalance of the red and white blood cell counts in the blood. This condition can cause symptoms like fatigue, fever, weight loss, nausea, and vomiting.
The first step in treating macrocystic anemia is diagnosis. Your doctor will test you for the presence of an anemia condition, such as chronic anemia or leukopenia. If you have tested negative for anemia, he or she may want to conduct tests to determine the source of the anemia. A blood test will reveal the presence of hemoglobin A concentration (HCT), a measure of the amount of hemoglobin in the blood.
The next step is to determine the HCT levels of the other blood samples. The doctor may conduct a blood test on the urine to determine the extent of cystinuria. He may also perform a blood test to see if any of the red blood cell groups have been affected. If the anemia is being caused by iron deficiency, the doctor may perform an anemia blood test.
Once these tests have been completed, your doctor may start treating your symptoms. The treatment includes iron-binding agents. There may be a need for medication with folate and vitamin B-12.
Treatments for this condition are normally for life. If you are anemic, you should get the proper nutrition and avoid stress and infection. You should avoid taking iron-binding medications for as long as possible.
If your doctor thinks that your symptoms cannot be treated at home, he or she may recommend that you consult a specialist for medical intervention.
Anemia and its accompanying complications, such as anemia heart disease and iron-deficient anemia, need to be treated with special medications that are given intravenously.
The blood analysis tests are the main source of diagnosis. When the anemia has been treated with medication, your doctor may recommend testing for hemoglobin A, hemoglobin G, and hematocrit. Other laboratory tests to look for iron deficiency include anemia-iron-binding capacity, coagulation factors, and bilirubin. Once all the tests are complete, your doctor will come up with a treatment plan to reduce the effects of iron deficiency.
Iron is needed for an oxygen-to-carbon conversion. Without iron, the conversion from carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide is not possible. It is important to maintain adequate amounts of iron in the body because without it, the entire structure of the cell is affected.
High iron-load individuals are more susceptible to diseases and ailments. The most common of these are chronic fatigue syndrome and osteoporosis. Studies have shown that anemia may contribute to the development of Parkinson’s disease and arthritis.
Symptoms of iron deficiency vary according to the severity of the condition. Mild anemia can often be corrected with iron supplements. The most severe form, macrocytic anemia, may require the use of iron-binding medications.
Iron is stored in the bone and blood cells, where it becomes accessible. This is why it is essential to maintain a sufficient amount in the bloodstream. People who are iron deficient are unable to make the necessary amounts of the iron that is necessary for the formation of red blood cells.
Because of the need for iron in the cells, anemia occurs when the hemoglobin concentration falls below 40%. Blood cells do not absorb iron effectively and therefore become depleted. This causes the cells to produce fewer red blood cells, which leads to anemia.